Dried flowers are used to make tea. All rights reserved. The wood burned to charcoal is ingested to treat intestinal disorders and used topically to treat edema or infection, such as cellulitis or ulcers of the lower leg. is non-native and known from MA, ME. is shown on the map. Show … 1a. ; Tilia americana L. var. caroliniana. to exist in the county by Tilia heterophylla Vent. ; RI, The wood is used for liver and gallbladder disorders and cellulitis (inflammation of the skin and surrounding soft tissue). americana. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within ], "Basswood" redirects here. Winter stems and buds are bright red. To reuse an The ribbed cocoon maker species Bucculatrix improvisa has not been found on other plants. It is especially popular in heavy metal. Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. In early summer, creamy-yellow, fragrant flowers appear in drooping cymes. T. americana NH, For other uses, see, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T61788230A61788232.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "Managing the Japanese Beetle:A Homeowner's Handbook", "First record of the rare species Pholiota squarrosoides (Agaricales, Strophariaceae) in southwestern Poland", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tilia_americana&oldid=991874573, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:09. The inner bark is very fibrous and excellent for weaving baskets and rope. Loud. The fall color is yellow-green to yellow. And a grand tree it is, one of the most commonly planted, statuesque street trees. VT. Mesic, deciduous forests, including rich and riparian types. The leaves have a heart shape, are as long as 5 1/2 inches, as wide as 3 inches and have serrated edges. ; ‘Rosehill' - A fast-growing American linden, it is described as an improved selection. the state. caroliniana (Mill.) The leaves serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera (see Lepidoptera which feed on Tilia). Although Tilia cordata is believed to be stronger, T. americana is also used medicinally. The inner bark was used historically as a fiber source for making baskets, rope, and fishing nets.[11]. ‘Fastigiata’ American Linden grows 50 to 70 feet tall and 30 to 45 feet wide forming a narrow pyramidal shape with upright branches and shiny leaves and is fairly drought-tolerant (Fig. americana var. Exact status definitions can vary from state to ; 
 1a. Cultivars include 'Nova', 'Duros' (with an upright crown), the pyramidal 'Frontyard' and the conic-crowned 'Redmond'. This is a cultivated variety of a native plant. American linden or basswood is the only tall tree among the New England members of the mallow family (Malvaceae). During the winter/Dormant season: 1. The American basswood is recommended as an ornamental tree when the mass of foliage or a deep shade is desired; no native tree surpasses it in this respect. Floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Variety Tilia americana – American linden, Basswood. The American basswood is known for being one of the most difficult native North American trees to propagate from seed, as they not only have a low viability rate (approximately 30% of all seeds are viable), but quickly develop an extremely hard seed coating that may delay germination for up to two years. Genus: Tilia. This makes it valuable in the manufacture of wooden-ware, cheap furniture, and bodies of carriages; it is also especially adapted for wood-carving. The Basswood variety of the linden tree offers a great yard addition for those looking to … Time of flowering varies by several weeks depending on the latitude; early May in Canada and early June in the extreme southern extent. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. The leaves emerge in mid-spring, but the flowers require day lengths of approximately 14 hours and 30 minutes to form, hence T. americana's range is limited to north of the 35th parallel. It has a density of 0.4525 (relative to water). Tilia Species: cordata Family: Malvaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Europe and southwestern Asia Wildlife Value: This plant is a larval host plant to Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) caterpillars. Fairly fast grower with a loose crown that eventually reaches a maximum height of approx. The similar European Little-leaf Linden (Tilia cordata) is heavily planted in urban landscapes. Carolina Basswood Tilia americana var. The wood is considered odorless. The American Lime is botanically called Tilia americana. Plant Type: Tree. The leaves are cordate and the flowers are yellow. Legend American basswood(Tilia americana 'DTR 123'): A pyramidal cultiar with good branching structure. The Go Botany project is supported Take a photo and image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. 2020 It can take stains and polish without difficulty and it planes, glues, screws and nails well. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. NRCS PLANT CODE: TIAM TIAMA TIAMC TIAMH COMMON NAMES: American basswood basswood linden TAXONOMY: The scientific name for American basswood is Tilia americana L. [47,29]. The American Sentry linden is reported to have some resistance to Japanese beetle. 3. We depend on County documented: documented americana. Plant Family: Malvaceae (Mallow Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Linden tea has a pleasing taste, due to the aromatic volatile oil found in the flowers. in part by the National Science Foundation. Common Name: Carolina Basswood, Southern Basswood. americana, American basswood Tilia americana L. var. Life expectancy is around 200 years, with flowering and seeding generally occurring between 15 and 100 years, though occasionally seed production may start as early as 8 years. Stately and imposing, Tilia americana (American Basswood) is a large deciduous tree adorned with an ovate-rounded crown boasting large ovate dark green leaves, up to 6 in. americana in which the abaxial surface of the leaf blades has a sparse covering of stellate hairs; however, other features (e.g., peduncle and pedicel indumentum) are as in var. Loud. The fruit is a small, globose, downy, hard and dry cream-colored nutlet with a diameter of 8–10 mm (5⁄16–13⁄32 in).[2][6][7]. The flowers were added to baths to quell hysteria, and steeped as a tea to relieve anxiety-related indigestion, irregular heartbeat, and vomiting. 1a. heterophylla americana is native and known from American basswood is dominant in the sugar maple–basswood forest association, which is most common in western Wisconsin and central Minnesota, but occurs as far east as New England and southern Quebec in places that have mesic soil with relatively high pH. var. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Tilia Species: americana Family: Tiliaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Lumber, pulpwood, veneer, shade tree in urban areas; soft wood for carving. T. monticola Sarg. listed as one of the only insect pests of Tilia trees. The flowers are very fragrant and their nectar attracts bees that convert it to good honey. Leaf. T. neglecta Spach; It is a common wood for use in the production of solid-body electric guitars, where it is considered an analogue for aspen and poplar, because it is light, strong and resonant, though it is usually used for guitars that will be painted an opaque color, because its lack of notable grain makes it an unattractive candidate for transparent finish. T. glabra Vent. Distribution: Eastern North America; northeastern U.S Fire Risk Rating: low flammability Wildlife Value: The bark is diuretic. Subordinate Taxa. T. americana Life Cycle: Perennial. This species is particularly susceptible to adult Japanese beetles (an invasive species in North America) that feed on its leaves. Tilia americana, commonly called American basswood or American linden, is a medium to large deciduous tree which typically grows to 50-80’ (infrequently to over 100’) tall with an ovate-rounded crown. 3)Leaf type: simpleLeaf margin: serrateLeaf shape: ovate, cordateLeaf venation: pinnateLeaf type and persistence: deciduous ... Tilia floridana, and Tilia georgiana together with Tilia americana. Found this plant? americana is native and known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT.T. Copyright: various copyright holders. Interestingly, they were received as Tilia oliveri, which could be considered the Asian equivalent of Tilia americana var. The leaves are simple, alternately arranged, ovate to cordate, asymmetrical, unequal at the base (the side nearest the branch the largest), 10–15 cm (4–6 in) (can grow up to 25 cm or 10 in) long and broad, with a long, slender petiole, a coarsely serrated margin and an acuminate apex. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Tilia americana If planting them, it is recommended to gather the seeds in early autumn and sow them before they dry out and form a coating. Figure 1. (Vent.) Included here are cultivars of Tilia americana and forms previously listed under T. heterophylla, which is currently considered to be the same as T. americana. It is native to a variety of habitats from Quebec to the southeastern corner of Manitoba and far eastern North Dakota south to Oklahoma, Tennessee and North Carolina, with concentrations in … michauxii (Nutt.) Its other common name is American Linden. • The inner bark is very tough and fibrous, used in the past for making ropes.[7]. Species Epithet: americana. 1). Tilia americana. Mite galls commonly form on the foliage. a sighting. (Tilia americana) General Description A medium to large tree native east of the Missouri River in North Dakota. The leaves of Tilia species have rounded bases that are asymmetrical on either side of the petiole. neglecta (Spach) Fosberg; Active ingredients in the linden flowers include flavonoids (which act as antioxidants), volatile oils, and mucilaginous constituents (which soothe and reduce inflammation). The twigs are smooth, reddish-green, becoming light gray in their second year, finally dark brown or brownish gray, marked with dark wart-like excrescences.
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